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Aggression Management Training in Undergraduate Nursing Students: A Scoping Review
journal contributionposted on 2019-01-01, 00:00 authored by Adam SearbyAdam Searby, J Snipe, P Maude
Recent events and media coverage have put aggression and violence toward healthcare workers on the agenda of many governments and healthcare providers. Shown to cause poor job satisfaction, attrition and higher rates of turnover, aggression and violence toward healthcare workers is a substantial problem in the provision of quality care. We aim to determine the feasibility of providing aggression management training to undergraduate nursing students to better prepare them for the workforce. This review found seven studies utilizing various methods of providing aggression management training to students. Delivery was diverse in terms of format, content and duration, and the efficacy of training was typically determined in a pre- and post-test fashion. The findings in reviewed studies indicate significant improvements in competence and attitudes, however some methodological caveats exist. We conclude that aggression management training for undergraduate nursing students is indeed feasible within certain constraints: methodological approaches to demonstrating efficacy need to evolve beyond pre- and post-test designs and changes in content delivery incorporating new and novel methods, such as simulation, need to be considered and incorporated. Aggression management training should be considered as essential in the nursing curriculum in order to provide neophyte nurses with the skills and capabilities to manage aggression and violence in their future workplaces.