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Algal biotechnology for pursuing omega-3 fatty acid (bioactive) production

journal contribution
posted on 2017-01-01, 00:00 authored by Munish Puri
Algae are spread in diversified ecosystems that include marine, freshwater, desert and hot springs and even snow and ice environments. Algae are classified as multicellular large sea weeds (macroalgae) or unicellular microalgae. Macroalgae are targeted for mining of natural biologically active components, which include proteins, linear peptides, cyclic peptides, and amino acids1. Recently, microalgae have been exploited for the production of high-value compounds such as lipids (omega-3 fatty acids), enzymes, polymers, toxins, antioxidants, and pigments (carotenoids)2. Thus, algal biotechnology is defined as ‘the technology developed using algae (macro or micro) to make or modify bioactive compounds, or products (nutritional supplements, fine chemicals) and renewable fuels for specific use’.

History

Journal

Microbiology Australia

Volume

38

Pagination

85-88

Location

Melbourne, Vic.

ISSN

1324-4272

eISSN

2201-9189

Language

English

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

2

Publisher

CSIRO Publishing