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Alterations in peripheral levels of cytokines and associated inflammatory markers in acute and chronic stages of schizophrenia spectrum disorders: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

journal contribution
posted on 2023-11-06, 02:30 authored by S Halstead, D Siskind, M Amft, E Wagner, V Yakimov, Z Liu, Ken WalderKen Walder, N Warren
IntroductionIt has been previously identified that levels of peripheral inflammatory proteins, such as cytokines, are altered in people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD).ObjectivesAs there is considerable inconsistency in the literature with respect to how inflammatory profiles differ between acute and chronic stages of SSD, a systematic review and network meta-analysis was performed.MethodsRecords from CINAHL, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, PubMed, and PsycINFO were systematically searched from inception until 31 March 2022 for published studies that had measured levels of inflammatory proteins in cases of SSD and healthy controls. Pairwise and network meta-analyses were performed to determine whether there were significant differences in mean peripheral protein concentrations between acute SSD, chronic SSD, and healthy controls.ResultsAfter application of the screening process, 215 articles were included for data-analysis. One group of markers were consistently elevated (p<0·05) in both acute and chronic SSD, relative to healthy controls; this group comprised interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1RA), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R), IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). A second group of markers were inconsistently altered between illness stages: IL-2 and interferon (IFN)-γ were significantly elevated (p<0·05) in acute SSD, whilst IL-4, IL-12 and IFN-γ were significantly decreased (p<0·05) in chronic SSD.ConclusionsThese results indicate that a baseline level of inflammatory protein alteration occurs in SSD throughout the course of illness. This was evident from the group of markers that were consistently elevated in acute and chronic SSD (e.g., IL-6), representing possible trait markers. Moreover, superimposed immune activity may occur in acute SSD, given the group of possible state markers that were increased only in acute illness (e.g., IFN-γ). Further research is required to elucidate whether these peripheral changes are reflected within the central nervous system.Disclosure of InterestNone Declared

History

Journal

EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY

Volume

66

Pagination

S487-S488

Location

Cambridge, Eng.

ISSN

0924-9338

eISSN

1778-3585

Language

English

Issue

S1

Publisher

CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS