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Alzheimer's disease due to an intronic presenilin-1 (PSEN1 intron 4) mutation: a clinicopathological study

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Version 2 2024-06-03, 18:18
Version 1 2019-07-18, 15:15
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-03, 18:18 authored by JC Janssen, M Hall, NC Fox, Richard HarveyRichard Harvey, J Beck, A Dickinson, T Campbell, J Collinge, PL Lantos, L Cipolotti, JM Stevens, MN Rossor
We describe 21 affected individuals from a kindred with early-onset autosomal dominant familial Alzheimer's disease caused by an intronic presenilin-1 mutation (in intron 4). Mean age at onset of symptoms was 37.4 years [95% confidence interval (CI): 36.6-38.2 years], mean age at death was 44.7 years (95% CI: 43.1-46.3 years) and mean duration of illness was 7.3 years (95% CI: 5.9-8.7 years). Myoclonus and seizures were prominent features of this pedigree. In the four cases for whom neuropsychometric data were available, verbal memory impairment preceded visual memory deficits; naming was relatively preserved until late in the disease. One of these four cases underwent serial volumetric MRI scans demonstrating in vivo brain tissue loss of 3.9% (38.9 ml, annualized rate of atrophy: 1.7%) over 22 months of follow-up. The four individuals who had necropsies demonstrated the neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) status was assessed in five individuals: the case with the youngest age at onset at 33 years of age was found to be homozygous ε4/ε4, > 1 SD below the mean age of onset for those of known APOE genotype (36.4 ± 2.3 years, mean ± SD), and > 2 SDs below the mean age of onset for the pedigree as a whole (37.4 ± 1.7 years, mean ± SD). APOE genotype may therefore modulate age at onset in this pedigree.

History

Journal

Brain

Volume

123

Pagination

894-907

Location

Oxford, Eng.

ISSN

0006-8950

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2000, Oxford University Press

Issue

5

Publisher

Oxford University Press

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