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An Enhanced Lattice Algorithm for Range Estimation Using Noisy Measurement with Phase Ambiguity

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-09, 02:04 authored by W Li, X Wang, Bill Moran
The problem of range estimation based on noisy measurements with phase ambiguity can be solved using signals across multiple frequencies by existing algorithms based on either the Chinese Remainder Theorem or lattice theory. The performances of these algorithms are constrained by the trade-off between SNR of measurements and required estimation accuracy. In this paper, we firstly propose an algorithm to find a set of wavelengths satisfying the conditions to apply the closed-form lattice algorithm from a given interval. Then we propose an enhanced lattice algorithm for range estimation based on existing lattice approaches. In the conventional lattice algorithm, the selection of an integer vector by the estimator often fails to be the ground truth because of noise. As a result, the true value can be a neighbouring lattice point of the estimated point where neighbours are defined in terms of a distance depending on the noise characteristics. In this paper, all neighbouring lattice points of the estimated point obtained by a conventional lattice algorithm are regarded as candidates for the new estimate. Then an efficient estimator is presented to choose one of those candidates to be the new estimate. The performance of the proposed algorithm, i.e. the successful probability of reconstruction, is derived mathematically. Additionally, a computation-reduced algorithm is presented to reduce the overhead of computation. The calculated probability and simulation results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed algorithm.

History

Journal

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity

Volume

32

ISSN

1051-8223

eISSN

1558-2515

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