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An Examination of Parent-Reported Facilitators and Barriers to Organized Physical Activity Engagement for Youth With Neurodevelopmental Disorders, Physical, and Medical Conditions

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posted on 2020-09-29, 00:00 authored by Nicole Papadopoulos, M Whelan, H Skouteris, K Williams, J McGinley, S Shih, Chloe Emonson, S A Moss, Carmel Sivaratnam, A J O Whitehouse, Nicole Rinehart
Organized physical activity (OPA) is an important contributor to physical, social, and emotional health and well-being; however, young people with disabilities are participating at lower rates than their peers without disabilities. This study aimed to (1) compare facilitators and barriers to OPA for young people with disabilities who currently do and do not participate in OPA and (2) to assess whether groups differed in the type of internal and external assets they reported. Parents of 218 young people (41% with a primary diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder) with a diverse representation of disabilities completed an online survey. Young people were categorized as either participants in OPA (n = 131) or non-participants (n = 87) by parent report. Non-participation was significantly predicted by the barrier “there are no activities my child enjoys” and by a lack of children’s motivation and happiness during OPA. Significant internal assets differentiating participants from non-participants were the ability to understand simple instructions, love of sport, and meeting physical activity guidelines. Significant external assets were parent and sibling participation in OPA, school type, and household income. The findings from this study have important implications for the design of public health interventions that aim to promote OPA in young people with disabilities, highlighting the need to make activities enjoyable, promote participation of siblings and parents, and support low-income families to participate.

History

Journal

Frontiers in Psychology

Volume

11

Pagination

1 - 13

Publisher

Frontiers Media

Location

Lausanne, Switzerland

eISSN

1664-1078

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2020, Papadopoulos, Whelan, Skouteris, Williams, McGinley, Shih, Emonson, Moss, Sivaratnam, Whitehouse and Rinehart