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An alternative data collection scheduling scheme in wireless sensor networks
journal contributionposted on 2016-12-01, 00:00 authored by Davood Izadi, Sara Ghanavati, Jemal AbawajyJemal Abawajy, T Herawan
Despite significant advancements in wireless sensor networks (WSNs), energy conservation remains one of the most important research challenges. Recently, the problem of energy conservation has been addressed by applying mobile sink as an effective technique that can enhance efficiency of energy consumption in the networks. In this paper, the energy conservation problem is firstly formulated to maximize the lifetime of WSN subject to delay and node energy constraints. Then, to solve the defined energy conservation problem, a data collection scheduling with a mobile sink scheme is proposed. In the proposed approach, the sink movement is governed by a type-2 fuzzy controller to be located at the best location and time to collect sensory data. We conducted extensive experiments to study the effectiveness of the proposed protocol and compared it against the streaming data delivery (SDD) and virtual circle combined straight routing (VCCS) protocols. We observed that the proposed protocol outperforms both SDD and VCCS approaches by reducing energy consumption, minimize delays and enhance data collection quality.