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An analytical method informed by clinical imaging data for estimating outlet boundary conditions in computational fluid dynamics analysis of carotid artery blood flow
journal contributionposted on 2023-09-14, 06:32 authored by Muhsin Kizhisseri, Saleh GharaieSaleh Gharaie, Jorg Schluter
AbstractStroke occur mainly due to arterial thrombosis and rupture of cerebral blood vessels. Previous studies showed that blood flow-induced wall shear stress is an essential bio marker for estimating atherogenesis. It is a common practice to use computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations to calculate wall shear stress and to quantify blood flow. Reliability of predicted CFD results greatly depends on the accuracy of applied boundary conditions. Previously, the boundary conditions were estimated by varying values so that they matched the clinical data. It is applicable upon the availability of clinical data. Meanwhile, in most cases all that can be accessed are arterial geometry and inflow rate. Consequently, there is a need to devise a tool to estimate boundary values such as resistance and compliance of arteries. This study proposes an analytical framework to estimate the boundary conditions for a carotid artery based on the geometries of the downstream arteries available from clinical images.