File(s) under permanent embargo

An evaluation of equivalence in body dissatisfaction measurement across cultures

journal contribution
posted on 01.01.2012, 00:00 authored by Matthew Fuller-TyszkiewiczMatthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Helen Skouteris, M McCabe, Alexander MussapAlexander Mussap, David MellorDavid Mellor, L Ricciardelli
We evaluated gender-based and cross-cultural equivalence of the Body Dissatisfaction Scale of the Body Change Inventory in a sample of 4,005 adolescents from 7 cultures that represent diverse body image ideals and response styles. Results of multigroup confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated equivalence of the scale across gender but not across cultures. Follow-up analyses identified small but significant cross-cultural differences in response styles (specifically, acquiescence and middle response option endorsement) as the source of this noninvariance. We recommend use of this scale for gender-based comparisons but caution that researchers should evaluate the presence of response biases before making substantive conclusions about cross-cultural differences in body dissatisfaction.

History

Journal

Journal of personality assessment

Volume

94

Issue

4

Pagination

410 - 417

Publisher

Routledge

Location

Philadelphia, Pa.

ISSN

0022-3891

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2012, Taylor & Francis