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An investigation of the validity of six measures of physical function in people awaiting joint replacement surgery of the hip or knee
journal contributionposted on 2012-10-01, 00:00 authored by Stephen GillStephen Gill, N A de Morton, H Mc Burney
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the validity of six physical function measures in people awaiting hip or knee joint replacement. DESIGN: Eighty-two people awaiting hip or knee replacement were assessed using six physical function measures including the WOMAC Function scale, SF-36 Physical Function scale, SF-36 Physical Component Summary scale, Patient Specific Functional Scale, 30-second chair stand test, and 50-foot timed walk. Validity was assessed using a head-to-head comparison design. RESULTS: Convergent validity was demonstrated with significant correlations between most measures (Spearman's rho 0.22 to 0.71). The Patient Specific Functional Scale had the lowest correlations with other measures of physical function. Discriminant validity was demonstrated with low correlations between mental health and physical function scores (Spearman's rho -0.12 to 0.33). Only the WOMAC Function scale, 30-second chair stand test, and 50-foot timed walk demonstrated known groups validity when scores for participants who walked with a gait aid were compared with those who did not. Standardized response means and Guyatt's responsiveness indexes indicated that the SF-36 was the least responsive measure. CONCLUSIONS: For those awaiting joint replacement surgery of the hip or knee, the current investigation found that the WOMAC Function scale, 30-second chair stand test, and 50-foot timed walk demonstrated the most evidence of validity. The Patient Specific Functional Scale might complement other measures by capturing a different aspect of physical function.
Pagination945 - 951
Publication classificationC1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article
Copyright notice2012, The Author(s)
AgedArthroplasty, Replacement, HipArthroplasty, Replacement, KneeCohort StudiesFemaleHumansMaleMiddle AgedOsteoarthritis, HipOsteoarthritis, KneePhysical ExaminationPhysical FitnessPreoperative CareRange of Motion, ArticularReproducibility of ResultsSeverity of Illness IndexWaiting ListsClinimetricsJoint replacementMeasurementPhysical functionValidityScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineRehabilitationQUALITY-OF-LIFEOSTEOARTHRITIS INDEXWESTERN-ONTARIOHEALTH-STATUSEFFECT SIZERESPONSIVENESSQUESTIONNAIRESOUTCOMESRECOMMENDATIONSDISABILITY