Deakin University
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Analysis of mammalian proteins involved in chromatin modification reveals new metaphase centromeric proteins and distinct chromosomal distribution patterns

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journal contribution
posted on 2003-12-01, 00:00 authored by Jeffrey CraigJeffrey Craig, Elizabeth Earle, Paul Canham, Lee H Wong, Melissa Anderson, K H Andy Choo
We have examined the metaphase chromosomal localization of 15 proteins that have previously been described as involved in mammalian chromatin modification and/or transcriptional modulation. Immunofluorescence data indicate that all the proteins localize to human and mouse centromeres, a neocentromere, and the active centromere of a dicentric chromosome, with six of these proteins (Sin3A, PCAF, MYST, MBD2, ORC2, P300/CBP) being demonstrated at mammalian centromeres for the first time. Most of these proteins fall into two distinct chromosomal distribution patterns: (a) kinetochore-associated proteins (Sin3A, PCAF, MYST and BAF180), which colocalize with metaphase kinetochores, but not any of the pericentric and other major heterochromatic regions; and (b) heterochromatin-associated proteins (MeCP2, MBD1, MBD2, ATRX, HP1alpha, HDAC1, HDAC2, DNMT1 and DNMT3b), which colocalize with centromeric/pericentric heterochromatin and all other major heterochromatic sites. A heterogeneous third group (c) consists of the origin recognition complex subunit ORC2 and the histone acetyltransferase P300/CBP, which associate generally with kinetochores in humans and centromeric/pericentric heterochromatin in mouse, with some minor differences in localization. These observations indicate an extensive sharing of protein components involved in chromatin modification at gene loci, centromeres and various chromosomal heterochromatic landmarks. The definition of distinct patterns of chromosomal distribution for these proteins provides a useful basis for the further investigation of the broad-ranging roles of these proteins.



Human molecular genetics






3109 - 3121


Oxford University Press


Oxford, Eng.





Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2003, Oxford University Press