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Anterior Knee Pain Following Primary Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty With Posterior-Stabilized Prosthesis and Patellar Resurfacing: Prevalence and Clinical Implications
journal contributionposted on 2023-02-13, 05:29 authored by D De Oliveira Silva, KE Webster, Julian Feller, JA McClelland
Background: Anterior knee pain following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with patient dissatisfaction. Factors related to postoperative anterior knee pain and its impact on patient outcomes are poorly understood. The following are the aims of this study: (1) to report the prevalence of anterior knee pain before and after TKA using a posterior-stabilized prosthesis with routine patellar resurfacing; (2) to investigate the association of preoperative clinical factors with the presence of anterior knee pain after TKA; and (3) to explore the association of postoperative anterior knee pain with postoperative self-reported function and quality of life. Methods: This retrospective study included 506 patients who had undergone elective primary unilateral TKA with a posterior-stabilized prosthesis and patellar resurfacing. Outcome measures prior to and 12 months after TKA included self-reported anterior knee pain, knee function, and quality of life. Results: Prevalence of anterior knee pain was 72% prior to and 15% following TKA. Patients who had preoperative anterior knee pain had twice the risk of experiencing anterior knee pain after TKA than patients who did not have preoperative anterior knee pain (risk ratio: 2.37, 95% CI 1.73-2.96). Greater severity of preoperative anterior knee pain and worse self-reported function were associated with the presence of postoperative anterior knee pain (rho = 0.15, P < .01; rho = 0.13, P < .01, respectively). Preoperative age, gender, and quality of life were not associated with postoperative anterior knee pain. Greater severity of postoperative anterior knee pain was associated with worse knee function at 12 months postoperative (rho = 0.49, P < .01). Conclusion: One in 7 patients reported anterior knee pain 12 months following posterior-stabilized and patella-resurfaced TKA. The presence of preoperative anterior knee pain and worse self-reported function are associated with postoperative anterior knee pain.
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Publication classificationC1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
kneeosteoarthritispainpatellofemoral painsurgerytotal knee arthroplastyHumansArthroplasty, Replacement, KneePatellaRetrospective StudiesPrevalenceQuality of LifeOsteoarthritis, KneeTreatment OutcomeKnee JointKnee ProsthesisPainChronic PainRehabilitationPain ResearchClinical ResearchMusculoskeletalBiomedical Engineering not elsewhere classifiedClinical Sciences not elsewhere classified