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Anterior Knee Pain Following Primary Unilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty With Posterior-Stabilized Prosthesis and Patellar Resurfacing: Prevalence and Clinical Implications

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-13, 05:29 authored by D De Oliveira Silva, KE Webster, Julian Feller, JA McClelland
Background: Anterior knee pain following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with patient dissatisfaction. Factors related to postoperative anterior knee pain and its impact on patient outcomes are poorly understood. The following are the aims of this study: (1) to report the prevalence of anterior knee pain before and after TKA using a posterior-stabilized prosthesis with routine patellar resurfacing; (2) to investigate the association of preoperative clinical factors with the presence of anterior knee pain after TKA; and (3) to explore the association of postoperative anterior knee pain with postoperative self-reported function and quality of life. Methods: This retrospective study included 506 patients who had undergone elective primary unilateral TKA with a posterior-stabilized prosthesis and patellar resurfacing. Outcome measures prior to and 12 months after TKA included self-reported anterior knee pain, knee function, and quality of life. Results: Prevalence of anterior knee pain was 72% prior to and 15% following TKA. Patients who had preoperative anterior knee pain had twice the risk of experiencing anterior knee pain after TKA than patients who did not have preoperative anterior knee pain (risk ratio: 2.37, 95% CI 1.73-2.96). Greater severity of preoperative anterior knee pain and worse self-reported function were associated with the presence of postoperative anterior knee pain (rho = 0.15, P < .01; rho = 0.13, P < .01, respectively). Preoperative age, gender, and quality of life were not associated with postoperative anterior knee pain. Greater severity of postoperative anterior knee pain was associated with worse knee function at 12 months postoperative (rho = 0.49, P < .01). Conclusion: One in 7 patients reported anterior knee pain 12 months following posterior-stabilized and patella-resurfaced TKA. The presence of preoperative anterior knee pain and worse self-reported function are associated with postoperative anterior knee pain.

History

Journal

Journal of Arthroplasty

Volume

38

Pagination

281-285

Location

United States

ISSN

0883-5403

eISSN

1532-8406

Language

en

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

2

Publisher

Elsevier BV