Deakin University
Browse

File(s) under permanent embargo

Antibacterial Superhydrophobic Cotton Fabric with Photothermal, Self-Cleaning, and Ultraviolet Protection Functionalities

journal contribution
posted on 2023-07-31, 06:29 authored by E Pakdel, Julie SharpJulie Sharp, S Kashi, W Bai, MP Gashti, X Wang
Cotton fabrics with superhydrophobic, antibacterial, UV protection, and photothermal properties were developed using Ag/PDMS coatings, and the role of coating formulations on the obtained functionalities was studied. Specific attention was paid to understanding the relationships between the fabrics’ superhydrophobicity and antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria. UV protection performance of Ag/PDMS coatings was thoroughly evaluated based on the variation of UV transmission rate through coated fabrics and photoinduced chemiluminescence spectra. Moreover, the effect of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and PDMS on developing a photothermal effect on fabrics was discussed. It was found that the content of Ag NPs and PDMS played critical roles in determining the water contact angle (WCA) on modified fabrics. The largest WCA was 171.31°, which was durable even after numerous accelerated wash cycles and abrasions. Antibacterial activity of fabrics showed the positive effect of pure PDMS in bacterial growth inhibition. Moreover, it was found that the antibacterial performance was greatly affected by the content of Ag NPs loaded on fabrics rather than their superhydrophobic status. Moreover, increasing the content of Ag NPs boosted the UV protection level of fabrics, improved fabrics photostability, and reduced the UV transmission rate through fabrics. Testing the photothermal effect confirmed that the content of Ag NPs and PDMS both played prominent roles, where Ag acted as a photothermal agent and PDMS determined the NIR reflection rate from the coated surface. The modified fabrics were characterized using TGA, SEM, FTIR, and XRD techniques, and it was confirmed that using a higher amount of PDMS increased the amount of Ag NPs deposition on fabrics.

History

Journal

ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces

Volume

15

Location

United States

ISSN

1944-8244

eISSN

1944-8252

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

28

Publisher

AMER CHEMICAL SOC