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Appearance comparison and other appearance-related influences on body dissatisfaction in everyday life
journal contributionposted on 01.03.2019, 00:00 authored by Matthew Fuller-TyszkiewiczMatthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Julie Chhouk, Lorie-Ann McCann, Geovanny Urbina, Hao Vuo, Isabel Krug, L Ricciardelli, Jake LinardonJake Linardon, Jaclyn BroadbentJaclyn Broadbent, Kristin Heron, Ben Richardson
Although appearance comparisons, self-monitoring, and appearance-related comments have been linked to body dissatisfaction in prior studies, the combined and unique influences of these variables on state body dissatisfaction in daily life has yet to be explored. The present study addressed this gap, and also evaluated whether these state-based effects were stronger for individuals with trait-level body image disturbances (internalization and body dissatisfaction). Eighty-four women completed baseline measures of trait internalization and body dissatisfaction, and then reported momentary experiences of body dissatisfaction, appearance self-monitoring, appearance-related comments, and appearance-based comparisons at up to 10 random times daily for seven days. Multilevel analyses confirmed that both appearance comparisons and commentary (both negative and positive) were predictive of changes in state body dissatisfaction when modelled individually as well as in a combined (full) model. Appearance self-monitoring was not a significant predictor, either individually or in the full model. These within-person relationships were not moderated by individual differences in trait body dissatisfaction and internalization of appearance standards. Accordingly, experiences of body dissatisfaction in daily life may be a common reaction to negative appearance comments and unflattering comparisons, yet positive comments and/or efforts to avoid appearance-based comparisons may have a positive effect on one's body image.
Pagination101 - 109
LocationAmsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice2019, Elsevier Ltd.
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Appearance comparisonsBody image disturbanceEcological momentary assessmentExperience samplingInternalizationSocial SciencesScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePsychology, ClinicalPsychiatryPsychology, MultidisciplinaryPsychologyTHIN-IDEAL INTERNALIZATIONOBJECTIFICATION THEORYSOCIAL COMPARISONSFAT TALKIMAGEMEDIAWOMENSATISFACTIONDISTURBANCEFREQUENCY