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Application of Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) in Crude Oil Production Optimization Using Pump Efficiency Control

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-13, 05:30 authored by AS Allahloh, M Sarfraz, M Alqahtani, S Ahmad, Shamsul HudaShamsul Huda
The collapse of oil prices in mid-2014 and early 2016 was the biggest in modern history that witnessed more than a 70% drop in the price to around $40 barrel. It prompted companies to think seriously to maintain profitability. Most companies were able to survive partly by simplifying their operations. Price recovery in 2021 is only 70% of its peak value. Companies are focusing on reducing the cost of operations, increasing production simultaneously, and finding new and different strategies to survive. The current scenario is witnessing strong research focusing on the development of process control for oil and gas upstream and downstream to improve the control and preventive maintenance to reduce operating costs and increase production. This paper presents the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) practical solution that improves the oil production rate from the well and increases the average pump efficiency (fillage) to 90%. This paper proposes a mechanism for collecting, storing, and analyzing all required parameters to build valuable charts. These charts' data help optimize the values and parameters for controller setpoints to prevent pump gas lock problems. An artificial lift is required to lift the oil from the well. In this paper, the sucker rod pump is driven by a gas engine fed by the well's gas. At the same time, SCADAPack 535E remote terminal unit collects all pump and well parameters such as hydraulic pressure, casing pressure, tubing pressure, and pump speed in stroke per minute (SPM). The remote terminal unit sends the data through a wireless network using a 5 GHz antenna to the main control room. The IIoT platform is designed using a visual basic programming language. Microsoft DDE (Dynamic Data Exchange) and Kepware OPC server were used to work on the received data to monitor, generate charts, and apply the controllers.

History

Journal

Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing

Volume

2022

Article number

ARTN 1005813

ISSN

1530-8669

eISSN

1530-8677

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Editor/Contributor(s)

Islam SKH

Publisher

WILEY-HINDAWI