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Arsenic contamination in Bangladesh groundwater: a major environmental and social disaster

journal contribution
posted on 2002-09-01, 00:00 authored by M Alam, G Allinson, Francesco Stagnitti, A Tanaka, M Westbrooke
In attempting to eliminate disease caused by drinking polluted surface water, millions of shallow surface wells were drilled into the Ganges delta alluvium in Bangladesh. The latest statistics indicate that 80% of Bangladesh and an estimated 40 million people are at risk of arsenic poisoning-related diseases because the ground water in these wells is contaminated with arsenic. The clinical manifestations of arsenic poisoning are myriad, and the correct diagnosis depends largely on awareness of the problem. Patients with melanosis, leuco-melanosis, keratosis, hyperkeratosis, dorsum, non-petting edema, gangrene and skin cancer have been identified. The present article reviews the current arsenic contamination of ground water, hydrological systems, groundwater potential and utilization and environmental pollution in Bangladesh. This paper concludes by clarifying the main actions required to ensure the sustainable development of water resources in Bangladesh

History

Journal

International journal of environmental health research

Volume

12

Issue

3

Pagination

236 - 253

Publisher

Carfax Publishing Limited

Location

London, United Kingdom

ISSN

0960-3123

eISSN

1369-1619

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2002 Taylor & Francis Ltd

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