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Assessing Child Health in India: Development and Validation of a Comprehensive Child Health Index

Version 3 2024-06-14, 14:15
Version 2 2024-05-31, 00:45
Version 1 2024-03-19, 04:31
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-14, 14:15 authored by M Sehgal, Santosh JatranaSantosh Jatrana, L Johnson, SK Ghosh
AbstractWhile developing a child health index is of interest, it is particularly important in the Indian context, because of a high burden of poor child health, the disparities in child health between different social, economic, and geographical regions and the absence of such a comprehensive index. This paper focuses on the development and validation of a Child Health Index (CHI) for India. Using publicly available data at the district level and principal component analysis, this index is composed of 16 variables representing six domains namely socio-cultural, child health status, determinants of child health (both risk and protective factors), household environment and health system and policy. Several statistical tests were conducted to provide internal and external validation. The application to predict child mortality confirmed its validation. This study thus provides a new tool for characterising child health and detecting child health inequalities at a district level in India. Consequently, it can be used by policymakers, health service providers and other stakeholders involved in child welfare to monitor and improve child health over time and space.

History

Journal

Child Indicators Research

Volume

17

Pagination

657-682

Location

Berlin, Germany

ISSN

1874-897X

eISSN

1874-8988

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

Springer

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