Assessing Rainwater Harvesting Potential in Urban Areas: A Building Information Modelling (BIM) Approach
journal contributionposted on 2021-01-01, 00:00 authored by Ahsen Maqsoom, Bilal Aslam, Sharjeel Ismail, Jamal ThaheemJamal Thaheem, Fahim Ullah, Hafiz Zahoor, Muhammad Ali Musarat, Nikolai Ivanovich Vatin
Water scarcity has become a major problem for many countries, resulting in declining water supply and creating a need to find alternative solutions. One potential solution is rainwater harvesting (RwH), which allows rainwater to be stored for human needs. This study develops an RwH assessment system through building information modeling (BIM). For this purpose, a hydrological study of Cfa-type climate cities is conducted with the example of Islamabad, Pakistan. The monthly rainfall data of three sites were assessed to determine the volume of the accumulated rainwater and its potential to meet human needs. The average number of people living in a house is taken as the household number. Household number or of the number of employees working at a small enterprise, roofing material, and rooftop area are used as the key parameters for pertinent assessment in the BIM. The data simulated by BIM highlight the RwH potential using five people per house as the occupancy and a 90 m2 rooftop area for residential buildings or small enterprises as parameters. The results show that the selected sites can collect as much as 8,190 L/yr of rainwater (48 L/person/day) to 103,300 L/yr of rainwater (56 L/person/day). This much water is enough to fulfill the daily demands of up to five people. Therefore, it is established that the study area has an RwH potential that is able to meet the expected demands. This study presents a baseline approach for RwH to address water scarcity issues for residential buildings and factories of the future.
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Science & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicineGreen & Sustainable Science & TechnologyEnvironmental SciencesEnvironmental StudiesScience & Technology - Other TopicsEnvironmental Sciences & Ecologyrainwater harvesting (RwH)water demandbuilding information modeling (BIM)hydrological investigationsustainable drainage systems (SuDs)residential buildingsTRENDSPRECIPITATIONINTEGRATIONFACTORIESCOUNTRIESSYSTEMSDESIGNREGIONZONES