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Assessment of the lifetime prevalence and incidence of induced abortion and correlates among female sex workers in Mombasa, Kenya: a secondary cohort analysis

Version 3 2024-06-20, 00:11
Version 2 2024-06-03, 03:26
Version 1 2024-03-13, 01:13
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-20, 00:11 authored by AM Simmelink, CM Gichuki, FH Ampt, G Manguro, MSC Lim, Paul AgiusPaul Agius, M Hellard, W Jaoko, MA Stoové, K L'Engle, M Temmerman, P Gichangi, S Luchters
IntroductionPrevalence of lifetime-induced abortion in female sex workers (FSWs) in Kenya was previously estimated between 43% and 86%. Our analysis aimed at assessing lifetime prevalence and correlates, and incidence and predictors of induced abortions among FSWs in Kenya.MethodsThis is a secondary prospective cohort analysis using data collected as part of the WHISPER or SHOUT cluster-randomised trial in Mombasa, assessing effectiveness of an SMS-intervention to reduce incidence of unintended pregnancy. Eligible participants were current FSWs, 16–34 years and not pregnant or planning pregnancy. Baseline data on self-reported lifetime abortion, correlates and predictors were collected between September 2016 and May 2017. Abortion incidence was measured at 6-month and 12-month follow-up. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to assess correlates of lifetime abortion and discrete-time survival analysis was used to assess predictors of abortions during follow-up.ResultsAmong 866 eligible participants, lifetime abortion prevalence was 11.9%, while lifetime unintended pregnancy prevalence was 51.2%. Correlates of lifetime abortions were currently not using a highly effective contraceptive (adjusted OR (AOR)=1.76 (95% CI=1.11 to 2.79), p=0.017) and having ever-experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) (AOR=2.61 (95% CI=1.35 to 5.06), p=0.005). Incidence of unintended pregnancy and induced abortion were 15.5 and 3.9 per 100 women-years, respectively. No statistically significant associations were found between hazard of abortion and age, sex work duration, partner status, contraceptive use and IPV experience.ConclusionAlthough experience of unintended pregnancy remains high, lifetime prevalence of abortion may have decreased among FSW in Kenya. Addressing IPV could further decrease induced abortions in this population.Trial registration numberACTRN12616000852459.

History

Journal

BMJ Open

Volume

12

Pagination

1-8

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

2044-6055

eISSN

2044-6055

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

10

Publisher

BMJ