Deakin University
Browse

File(s) not publicly available

Association of developmental coordination disorder and low motor competence with impaired bone health: A systematic review

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-10, 02:11 authored by J Tan, M Murphy, NH Hart, Timo Rantalainen, R Bhoyroo, P Chivers
Aims: Individuals with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and low motor competence (LMC) may be at increased risk of low bone health due to their lifetime physical activity patterns. Impaired bone health increases an individual's risk of osteoporosis and fracture; therefore, it is necessary to determine whether a bone health detriment is present in this group. Accordingly, this systematic review explores the association between DCD/LMC and bone health. Methods and Procedures: Studies were included with assessment of bone health in a DCD/LMC population. Study bias was assessed using the JBI critical appraisal checklist. Due to heterogeneity, meta-analysis was not possible and narrative synthesis was performed with effect size and direction assessed via harvest plots. Outcomes and Results: A total of 16 (15 paediatric/adolescent) studies were included. Deficits in bone measures were reported for the DCD/LMC group and were more frequent in weight-bearing sites. Critical appraisal indicated very low confidence in the results, with issues relating to indirectness and imprecision relating to comorbidities. Conclusions and Implications: Individuals with DCD or LMC are at increased risk of bone health deficits. Bone impairment locations indicate insufficient loading via physical activity as a potential cause of bone deficits. Results indicate a potential for earlier osteoporosis onset.

History

Journal

Research in Developmental Disabilities

Volume

129

Article number

104324

Pagination

104324-104324

Location

United States

ISSN

0891-4222

eISSN

1873-3379

Language

en

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Publisher

Elsevier BV