Deakin University

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Association of rhinovirus and potentially pathogenic bacterial detections in the first 3 months of life with subsequent wheezing in childhood

journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-06, 03:46 authored by Mari D Takashima, Keith Grimwood, Peter Sly, Stephen B Lambert, Robert S Ware
AbstractObjectiveAirway interactions between viruses, especially rhinoviruses, and potentially pathogenic bacteria (PPB; Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis) in early infancy may increase the risk of subsequent wheezing and asthma. We evaluated the association between rhinovirus and PPB in the first 3 months of life and wheezing episodes before age 2 years and asthma at age 5–7 years.MethodsAn Australian community‐based birth cohort of healthy children involved parents collecting nasal swabs weekly and completing symptom diaries daily until age 2 years. In a follow‐up subset, asthma diagnosis was assessed annually until age 7 years. Swabs were analyzed by real‐time polymerase chain reaction assays. Children were included if they returned symptom diaries beyond age 3 months (wheeze) or were reviewed at age 5–7 years (asthma).Results1440 swabs were returned by 146 children in the first 3 months of life. Wheeze and asthma outcomes were recorded for 146 and 84 children, respectively. Each additional week of rhinovirus detection increased the incidence of wheezing before age 2 years by 1.16 times (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.99–1.35). There were no significant associations between bacteria and wheeze. Each additional week with H. influenzae increased the odds of asthma at age 5–7 years by 135% (odds ratio: 2.35, 95% CI: 0.99–5.58). No significant interaction was observed between rhinovirus and PPB for wheezing or asthma.ConclusionEarly life rhinovirus infection was associated with wheezing before age 2 years and H. influenzae with asthma by age 5–7 years. Microbes may play an etiologic role in wheezing and asthma, warranting further study.



Pediatric Pulmonology




London, Eng.







Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal