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Associations between the perceived environment and physical activity among adults aged 55-65 years : does urban-rural area of residence matter?
journal contributionposted on 01.01.2015, 00:00 authored by V Cleland, Marita Sodergren, P Otahal, Anna TimperioAnna Timperio, Kylie BallKylie Ball, David CrawfordDavid Crawford, Jo SalmonJo Salmon, Sarah McNaughtonSarah McNaughton
This study aimed to determine whether associations between the perceived environment and physical activity are moderated by urban-rural status among midolder aged adults. Environmental (safety, aesthetics, physical activity environment) and physical activity (total, leisure, transport) data from 3,888 adults (55 to 65 years) from urban and rural areas of Victoria, Australia, were analyzed. Multinomial logistic regression examined interactions between urban-rural status and environments in associations with physical activity. Significant (P < .05) interactions were evident and indicated positive associations only among older rural adults for both safety and aesthetics with total and transport physical activity (e.g., rural adults reporting higher safety were 91% to 118% more likely to have higher activity than rural adults reporting low safety). In contrast, the physical activity environment was positively associated with leisure activity among only urban adults. Findings suggest that some tailoring of physical activity promotion strategies targeting the environment may be required for urban and rural midolder aged adults.