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Associations between total dairy, high-fat dairy and low-fat dairy intake, and depressive symptoms: findings from a population-based cross-sectional study

Version 4 2024-06-19, 15:10
Version 3 2024-06-06, 10:57
Version 2 2024-06-02, 14:41
Version 1 2023-02-09, 02:06
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-19, 15:10 authored by Meghan HockeyMeghan Hockey, Mohammadreza MohebbiMohammadreza Mohebbi, T Tolmunen, S Hantunen, TP Tuomainen, Helen MacphersonHelen Macpherson, Felice JackaFelice Jacka, JK Virtanen, Tetyana RocksTetyana Rocks, Anu RuusunenAnu Ruusunen
Abstract Purpose Evidence on the association between dairy intake and depression is conflicting. Given numerous dietary guidelines recommend the consumption of low-fat dairy products, this study examined associations between total dairy, high-fat dairy, and low-fat dairy intake and the prevalence of elevated depressive symptoms. Associations between dairy products, which differed in both fat content and fermentation status, and depressive symptoms were also explored. Methods This cross-sectional study included 1600 Finnish adults (mean age 63 ± 6 years; 51% female) recruited as part of the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study. Dairy intake was assessed using 4-day food records. Elevated depressive symptoms were defined as having a score ≥ 5 on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-III Depression Scale, and/or regularly using one or more prescription drugs for depressive symptoms. Results In total, 166 participants (10.4%) reported having elevated depressive symptoms. Using multivariate logistic regression models, intake in the highest tertile of high-fat dairy products (OR 0.64, 95% CI 0.41–0.998, p trend = 0.04) and high-fat non-fermented dairy products (OR 0.60, 95% CI 0.39–0.92, p trend = 0.02) were associated with reduced odds for having elevated depressive symptoms. Whereas no significant association was observed between intake of total dairy, low-fat dairy, or other dairy products, and depressive symptoms. Conclusion Higher intake of high-fat dairy and high-fat non-fermented dairy products were associated with reduced odds for having elevated depressive symptoms in middle-aged and older Finnish adults. Given the high global consumption of dairy products, and widespread burden of depression, longitudinal studies that seek to corroborate these findings are required.

History

Journal

European Journal of Nutrition

Volume

62

Pagination

227-237

Location

Germany

ISSN

1436-6207

eISSN

1436-6215

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

1

Publisher

SPRINGER HEIDELBERG