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Associations of vitamin D status with dietary intakes and physical activity levels among adults from seven European countries: the Food4Me study

journal contribution
posted on 2018-06-01, 00:00 authored by Y Manios, G Moschonis, C P Lambrinou, C Mavrogianni, L Tsirigoti, U Hoeller, F F Roos, I Bendik, M Eggersdorfer, C Celis-Morales, Katherine LivingstoneKatherine Livingstone, C F M Marsaux, A L Macready, R Fallaize, C B O'Donovan, C Woolhead, H Forster, M C Walsh, S Navas-Carretero, R San-Cristobal, S Kolossa, J Hallmann, M Jarosz, A Surwiłło, I Traczyk, C A Drevon, B van Ommen, K Grimaldi, J N S Matthews, H Daniel, J A Martinez, J A Lovegrove, E R Gibney, L Brennan, W H M Saris, M Gibney, J C Mathers, Food4Me Study
PURPOSE: To report the vitamin D status in adults from seven European countries and to identify behavioural correlates. METHODS: In total, 1075 eligible adult men and women from Ireland, Netherlands, Spain, Greece, UK, Poland and Germany, were included in the study. RESULTS: Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency, defined as 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 (25-OHD3) concentration of <30 and 30-49.9 nmol/L, respectively, were observed in 3.3 and 30.6% of the participants. The highest prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was found in the UK and the lowest in the Netherlands (8.2 vs. 1.1%, P < 0.05). In addition, the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency was higher in females compared with males (36.6 vs. 22.6%, P < 0.001), in winter compared with summer months (39.3 vs. 25.0%, P < 0.05) and in younger compared with older participants (36.0 vs. 24.4%, P < 0.05). Positive dose-response associations were also observed between 25-OHD3 concentrations and dietary vitamin D intake from foods and supplements, as well as with physical activity (PA) levels. Vitamin D intakes of ≥5 μg/day from foods and ≥5 μg/day from supplements, as well as engagement in ≥30 min/day of moderate- and vigorous-intensity PA were associated with higher odds (P < 0.05) for maintaining sufficient (≥50 nmol/L) 25-OHD3 concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency varied considerably among European adults. Dietary intakes of ≥10 μg/day of vitamin D from foods and/or supplements and at least 30 min/day of moderate- and vigorous-intensity PA were the minimum thresholds associated with vitamin D sufficiency.



European journal of nutrition






1357 - 1368




Berlin, Germany







Publication classification

C Journal article; C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

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2017, Springer