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Atomically thin boron nitride as an ideal spacer for metal-enhanced fluorescence
journal contributionposted on 2019-10-01, 00:00 authored by W Gan, C Tserkezis, Qiran CaiQiran Cai, Alexey FalinAlexey Falin, Srikanth MatetiSrikanth Mateti, M Nguyen, I Aharonovich, K Watanabe, T Taniguchi, F Huang, L Song, Lingxue KongLingxue Kong, Ying (Ian) ChenYing (Ian) Chen, Luhua LiLuhua Li
Metal-enhanced fluorescence (MEF) considerably enhances the luminescence for various applications, but its performance largely depends on the dielectric spacer between the fluorophore and plasmonic system. It is still challenging to produce a defect-free spacer having an optimized thickness with a sub-nanometer accuracy that enables reusability without affecting the enhancement. In this study, we demonstrate the use of atomically thin hexagonal boron nitride (BN) as an ideal MEF spacer owing to its multifold advantages over the traditional dielectric thin films. With rhodamine 6G as a representative fluorophore, it largely improves the enhancement factor (up to âˆ95 ± 5), sensitivity (10-8 M), reproducibility, and reusability (âˆ90% of the plasmonic activity is retained after 30 cycles of heating at 350 °C in air) of MEF. This can be attributed to its two-dimensional structure, thickness control at the atomic level, defect-free quality, high affinities to aromatic fluorophores, good thermal stability, and excellent impermeability. The atomically thin BN spacers could increase the use of MEF in different fields and industries.
Pagination12184 - 12191
Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
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Science & TechnologyPhysical SciencesTechnologyChemistry, MultidisciplinaryChemistry, PhysicalNanoscience & NanotechnologyMaterials Science, MultidisciplinaryChemistryScience & Technology - Other TopicsMaterials Scienceboron nitridemetal-enhanced fluorescencedielectric spacerplasmonic nanoparticlefluorescence quenchingtwo-dimensional materialsGOLD NANOPARTICLESGRAPHENENANOSHEETSTHICKNESSOXIDATIONBARRIERSERSNANOSTRUCTURESSPECTROSCOPY