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Barriers and enablers to adoption of digital health interventions to support the implementation of dietary guidelines in early childhood education and care: Cross-sectional study

Version 2 2024-06-19, 16:39
Version 1 2023-02-20, 04:59
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-19, 16:39 authored by A Grady, C Barnes, L Wolfenden, C Lecathelinais, Serene YoongSerene Yoong
BackgroundFew Australian childcare centers provide foods consistent with sector dietary guidelines. Digital health technologies are a promising medium to improve the implementation of evidence-based guidelines in the setting. Despite being widely accessible, the population-level impact of such technologies has been limited due to the lack of adoption by end users.ObjectiveThis study aimed to assess in a national sample of Australian childcare centers (1) intentions to adopt digital health interventions to support the implementation of dietary guidelines, (2) reported barriers and enablers to the adoption of digital health interventions in the setting, and (3) barriers and enablers associated with high intentions to adopt digital health interventions.MethodsA cross-sectional telephone or online survey was undertaken with 407 childcare centers randomly sampled from a publicly available national register in 2018. Center intentions to adopt new digital health interventions to support dietary guideline implementation in the sector were assessed, in addition to perceived individual, organizational, and contextual factors that may influence adoption based on seven subdomains within the nonadoption, abandonment, scale-up, spread, and sustainability (NASSS) of health and care technologies framework. A multiple-variable linear model was used to identify factors associated with high intentions to adopt digital health interventions.ResultsFindings indicate that 58.9% (229/389) of childcare centers have high intentions to adopt a digital health intervention to support guideline implementation. The changes needed in team interactions subdomain scored lowest, which is indicative of a potential barrier (mean 3.52, SD 1.30), with organization’s capacity to innovate scoring highest, which is indicative of a potential enabler (mean 5.25, SD 1.00). The two NASSS subdomains of ease of the adoption decision (P<.001) and identifying work and individuals involved in implementation (P=.001) were significantly associated with high intentions to adopt digital health interventions.ConclusionsA substantial proportion of Australian childcare centers have high intentions to adopt new digital health interventions to support dietary guideline implementation. Given evidence of the effectiveness of digital health interventions, these findings suggest that such an intervention may make an important contribution to improving public health nutrition in early childhood.

History

Journal

Journal of Medical Internet Research

Volume

22

Pagination

e22036-e22036

Location

Canada

ISSN

1439-4456

eISSN

1438-8871

Language

en

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

11

Publisher

JMIR Publications Inc.