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Behaviour change strategies for reducing blood pressure-related disease burden: findings from a global implementation research programme

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-11-09, 00:00 authored by D Peiris, S R Thompson, A Beratarrechea, M K Cárdenas, F Diez-Canseco, J Goudge, J Gyamfi, J H Kamano, V Irazola, C Johnson, A P Kengne, N K Keat, J J Miranda, S Mohan, B Mukasa, E Ng, Marj MoodieMarj Moodie, Caryl NowsonCaryl Nowson, Wendy Snowdon, GACD Hypertension Research Programme Writing Group
Background: The Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases comprises the majority of the world’s public research
funding agencies. It is focussed on implementation research to tackle the burden of chronic diseases in
low- and middle-income countries and amongst vulnerable populations in high-income countries. In its
inaugural research call, 15 projects were funded, focussing on lowering blood pressure-related disease
burden. In this study, we describe a reflexive mapping exercise to identify the behaviour change strategies
undertaken in each of these projects.
Methods: Using the Behaviour Change Wheel framework, each team rated the capability, opportunity and
motivation of the various actors who were integral to each project (e.g. community members, non-physician
health workers and doctors in projects focussed on service delivery). Teams then mapped the interventions
they were implementing and determined the principal policy categories in which those interventions were
operating. Guidance was provided on the use of Behaviour Change Wheel to support consistency in
responses across teams. Ratings were iteratively discussed and refined at several group meetings.
Results: There was marked variation in the perceived capabilities, opportunities and motivation of the various
actors who were being targeted for behaviour change strategies. Despite this variation, there was a high
degree of synergy in interventions functions with most teams utilising complex interventions involving
education, training, enablement, environmental restructuring and persuasion oriented strategies. Similar policy
categories were also targeted across teams particularly in the areas of guidelines, communication/marketing
and service provision with few teams focussing on fiscal measures, regulation and legislation.
Conclusions: The large variation in preparedness to change behaviour amongst the principal actors across these
projects suggests that the interventions themselves will be variably taken up, despite the similarity in approaches taken.
The findings highlight the importance of contextual factors in driving success and failure of research programmes.
Forthcoming outcome and process evaluations from each project will build on this exploratory work and provide a
greater understanding of factors that might influence scale-up of intervention strategies.



Implementation science





Article number



1 - 15


BioMed Central


London, Eng.





Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, The Authors