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Benefits of early development of eye-hand coordination: evidence from the LOOK longitudinal study

journal contribution
posted on 01.10.2013, 00:00 authored by R D Telford, R B Cunningham, R M Telford, Lisa OliveLisa Olive, D G Byrne, W P Abhayaratna
We investigated longitudinal and cross-sectional relationships between eye-hand coordination (EHC) and cardiorespiratory fitness (multistage run), physical activity (pedometers), percent body fat (�, dual energy x-ray absorptiometry), body image, and organized sport participation (questionnaires) in 406 boys and 384 girls at 8 and 10 years of age. EHC was measured by a throw and wall-rebound catch test involving 40 attempts of increasing difficulty. Median EHC improved during two years from 18 to 32 (boys) and 9 to 24 (girls), and gender differences and improvements were both significant (P < 0.001). Cross-sectional analyses showed that boys and girls with better EHC were fitter (P < 0.001), and a longitudinal relationship showed that girls who improved their EHC over the two years became fitter (P < 0.001). There was also evidence that children with better EHC possessed a more positive body image (P = 0.05 for combined sex data), but there was no evidence of any relationships between EHC and � or PA (both P > 0.3). Finally, even at age 8 years, boys and girls participating in organized sport possessed better EHC than non-participants. These data provide evidence for the premise that early acquisition of this single motor skill promotes the development of a child's fitness, body image, and participation in sport.

History

Journal

Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

Volume

23

Issue

5

Pagination

e263 - e269

Publisher

Wiley

Location

London, Eng.

ISSN

0905-7188

eISSN

1600-0838

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2013, John Wiley & Sons