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Biodegradable cotton gin trash/poly(vinyl alcohol) composite plastic: Effect of particle size on physicochemical properties

journal contribution
posted on 2020-09-01, 00:00 authored by Abu Naser Md Ahsanul Haque, R Remadevi, Xungai WangXungai Wang, Maryam NaebeMaryam Naebe
© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Cotton gin trash (CGT), a potential lignocellulose resource was combined with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) to produce the biodegradable composite plastic film. A 50:50 CGT/PVA ratio was maintained using coarse and fine CGT powder particles and the effect of particle size on the morphology, crystallinity, tensile strength, optical transmittance, thermal stability and biodegradability was investigated. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image showed uniform distribution of CGT in PVA matrix particularly of the fine powders (~5.7 μm). The incorporation of CGT in PVA enhanced the tensile strength, biodegradability, thermal stability and induced complete UV protection. Overall, while the flexibility of the composite film decreased, the tensile strength increased 10% and 20%, respectively by the coarse and fine CGT powders when compared to the pure PVA film. Considering the fabrication cost as estimated in the study, the results point towards the immense potential of CGT as a low-cost reinforcement material for PVA to be successfully used in the production of biodegradable plastic material.

History

Journal

Powder Technology

Volume

375

Pagination

1 - 10

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0032-5910

eISSN

1873-328X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal