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Bleeding from gestational trophoblastic neoplasia: embolotherapy efficacy and tumour response to chemotherapy

journal contribution
posted on 2023-10-25, 05:31 authored by Z Wang, X Li, J Pan, J Chen, H Shi, X Zhang, W Liu, N Yang, Z Jin, Y Xiang
AIM: To evaluate retrospectively the impact of selective arterial embolisation (SAE) on the prognosis of patients with gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the records of all patients with GTN between January 2005 and January 2015 was performed. Forty-one patients (mean age, 28.9 ± 7.6 years) with massive vaginal haemorrhage from GTN (including 27 cases of choriocarcinoma and 14 cases of invasive mole) were treated with SAE. The complications, control of haemorrhage, and outcome of chemotherapy were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: SAE successfully controlled the haemorrhage for 38 patients (92.7%). All patients with successful SAE received systemic chemotherapy without recurrent massive bleeding during the period of chemotherapy. The average number of chemotherapy cycles was 9.8 for every patient. Complete remission (CR) was achieved in 34 patients (89.5%), two patients had partial remission, and two patients died. Two patients with CR required repeated embolisation for recurrence of massive bleeding 30 and 47 months after the first embolisation procedure due to uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM). CONCLUSIONS: SAE can effectively control haemorrhage from GTN and these patients had good response to systemic chemotherapy following successful SAE. Uterine bleeding may recur due to uterine AVMs, even following complete embolisation and CR of GTN.

History

Journal

Clinical radiology

Volume

72

Pagination

992.e7-992.e11

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0009-9260

eISSN

1365-229X

Language

eng

Copyright notice

2017, Elsevier Ltd on behalf of The Royal College of Radiologists

Issue

11

Publisher

Elsevier