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Blends of poly(vinyl chloride) with acrylonitrile-chlorinated polyethylene-styrene copolymer. I. Miscibility, phase behavior, and thermal properties
journal contributionposted on 1997-01-01, 00:00 authored by Z Zhong, S Zheng, K Yang, Qipeng Guo
Blends of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) and acrylonitrile-chlorinated polyethylene-styrene (ACS) copolymer were prepared by melt blending. Miscibility, phase behavior, and thermal stability were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The DSC study showed that the blends have three glass transition temperatures (F g ). The blends exhibit a three-phase structure; a chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) rubbery phase was found to be dispersed in a continuous matrix consisting of both PVC-rich and SAN-rich phases. The interfaces between any two of the three phases are well bonded. PVC is immiscible with CPE in ACS but partially miscible with poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile) (SAN with 25% AN content) in ACS. From the T g data, the SAN appears to dissolve more in the PVC-rich phase than does the PVC in the SAN-rich phase. The apparent polymer-polymer interaction parameter [(χ 12 ) app ] for the pair PVC/SAN was calculated to be 0.0055 at 170 °C. TGA analysis revealed that there exists interaction during the degradation of the two polymers in the blends.