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Blue electrogenerated chemiluminescence from water-soluble iridium complexes containing sulfonated phenylpyridine or tetraethylene glycol derivatized triazolylpyridine ligands

Version 2 2024-06-04, 05:41
Version 1 2015-10-05, 14:33
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 05:41 authored by E Kerr, Egan DoevenEgan Doeven, GJ Barbante, Tim ConnellTim Connell, PS Donnelly, DJ Wilson, TD Ashton, Fred PfefferFred Pfeffer, Paul FrancisPaul Francis
Incorporating phenylpyridine- and triazolylpyridine-based ligands decorated with methylsulfonate or tetraethylene glycol (TEG) groups, a series of iridium(III) complexes has been created for green and blue electrogenerated chemiluminescence under analytically useful aqueous conditions, with tri-n-propylamine as a coreactant. The relative electrochemiluminescence (ECL) intensities of the complexes were dependent on the sensitivity of the photodetector over the wavelength range and the pulse time of the applied electrochemical potential. In terms of the integrated area of corrected ECL spectra, with a pulse time of 0.5 s, the intensities of the Ir(III) complexes were between 18 and 102 % that of [Ru(bpy)3 ](2+) (bpy=2,2'-bipyridine). However, when the intensities were measured with a typical bialkali photomultiplier tube, the signal of the most effective blue emitter, [Ir(df-ppy)2 (pt-TEG)](+) (df-ppy=2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)pyridine anion, pt-TEG=1-(2-(2-(2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl)-4-(2-pyridyl)-1,2,3-triazole), was over 1200 % that of the orange-red emitter [Ru(bpy)3 ](2+) . A combined experimental and theoretical investigation of the electrochemical and spectroscopic properties of the Ir(III) complexes indicated that the greater intensity from [Ir(df-ppy)2 (pt-TEG)](+) relative to those of the other Ir(III) complexes resulted from a combination of many factors, rather than being significantly favored in one area.

History

Journal

Chemistry

Volume

21

Pagination

14987-14995

Location

Weinheim, Germany

ISSN

0861-9255

eISSN

1521-3765

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article, C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2015, Wiley

Issue

42

Publisher

Wiley