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Blue–green water utilization in rice–fish cultivation towards sustainable food production

journal contribution
posted on 2022-01-01, 00:00 authored by Nesar Ahmed, John HornbuckleJohn Hornbuckle, Giovanni TurchiniGiovanni Turchini
AbstractIntegrated rice–fish culture is a competitive alternative to rice monoculture for environmental sustainability and food productivity. Compared to rice monoculture, rearing fish in rice field ecosystems could increase food (rice and fish) production from this coculture. Moreover, the water productivity of rice–fish coculture is considerably higher than that of rice monoculture, because of double cropping. Despite these benefits, rice–fish coculture has not yet been broadly practiced. One of the potential challenges for the wider adoption of rice–fish coculture is water management. There are two forms of water involved in rice–fish cultivation: (1) blue water–surface and groundwater, and (2) green water–soil water from rainfall. The aim of this article is to focus on key factors determining the adoption of rice–fish cultivation through the effective utilization of blue–green water. We suggest that the efficient application of blue and green water in rice–fish coculture could help confronting water scarcity, reducing water footprint, and increasing water productivity.

History

Journal

Ambio

Pagination

1 - 16

Publisher

Springer

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0044-7447

eISSN

1654-7209

Language

English

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal