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Boosting Osmotic Energy Conversion of Graphene Oxide Membranes via Self-Exfoliation Behavior in Nano-Confinement Spaces
journal contributionposted on 2022-11-23, 03:07 authored by Y Qian, Dan LiuDan Liu, Guoliang YangGuoliang Yang, Lifeng WangLifeng Wang, Y Liu, C Chen, Xungai Wang, Weiwei LeiWeiwei Lei
Introducing alien intercalations to sub-nanometer scale nanochannels is one desirable strategy to optimize the ion transportation of two-dimensional nanomaterial membranes for improving osmotic energy harvest (OEH). Diverse intercalating agents have been previously utilized to realize this goal in OEH, but with modest performance, complex operations, and physicochemical uncertainty gain. Here, we employ the self-exfoliation behavior of oxidative fragments (OFs) from graphene oxide basal plane under an alkaline environment to encapsulate detached OFs in nanochannels for breaking a trade-off between permeability and selectivity, boosting power density from 1.8 to 4.9 W m-2 with a cation selectivity of 0.9 and revealing a negligible decline in power density and trade-off during a long-term operation test (∼168 h). The strategy of membrane design, employing the intrinsically self-exfoliated OFs to decorate the nanochannels, provides an alternative and facile approach for ion separation, OEH, and other nano-fluidic applications.