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Brief Report: Problem Gambling in International and Domestic University Students
journal contributionposted on 01.01.2020, 00:00 authored by Nicki DowlingNicki Dowling, M Brown, Stephanie AarsmanStephanie Aarsman, Stephanie MerkourisStephanie Merkouris
© 2019 American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry Background and Objectives: International students comprise an ethnic minority subpopulation who may be at increased risk for the development of gambling problems. This study aimed to explore the psychosocial factors associated with gambling problems in international and domestic university students in Australia. Methods: One hundred seventy-three (n = 173) university students (127 domestic, 45 international) completed measures of gambling participation, problem gambling, psychosocial factors (depression, anxiety, perceived social support, loneliness, gambling-related cognitive distortions) and English language difficulties. Results: Gambling participation, but not problem gambling status, was lower in international than domestic students. Only anxiety and cognitive distortions were associated with problem gambling in domestic students; and only cognitive distortions were associated with problem gambling in international students. International student status failed to moderate the relationships between any psychosocial factor and problem gambling status. Conclusions and Scientific Significance: Future research is required to elucidate problem gambling risk and protective factors in this ethnic minority subgroup, with a view to guide culturally sensitive initiatives. (Am J Addict 2019;00:00–00).