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C-type natriuretic peptides are potent dilators of shark vascular smooth muscle.

journal contribution
posted on 1993-01-01, 00:00 authored by D H Evans, T Toop, John DonaldJohn Donald, J N Forrest
Previous studies of the effects of C-type natriuretic peptides (CNP) in intact mammals have demonstrated limited hypotensive responses, in contrast to other natriuretic peptides. Our previous studies, on isolated vascular smooth muscle (VSM) from various fish species, utilizing either mammalian or non-homologous fish atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP), have demonstrated vasodilation with a relatively high sensitivity (EC50 approximately 5 nM). The recent sequencing of a C-type natriuretic peptide from the heart of the dogfish shark, Squalus acanthias, has enabled us to compare the efficacy of this peptide on aortic VSM from that species with two other CNPs (from killifish and pig), as well as rat ANP. The EC50 of dilation for sCNP, as well as kCNP and pCNP, was 0.5 nM, over 15 times lower than the EC50 of the response to rANP. These data suggest that CNP is released from the dogfish shark heart and is a circulating hormone with potent vasodilatory effects, in sharp contrast to the apparent role of CNP predominantly as a brain neuropeptide in mammals.

History

Journal

Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Comparative Experimental Biology

Volume

265

Issue

1

Pagination

84 - 87

Publisher

Wiley

Location

United States

ISSN

1548-8969

Language

eng

Publication classification

CN.1 Other journal article