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CFD-DEM investigation of particle separations using a sinusoidal jigging profile
journal contributionposted on 2013-03-01, 00:00 authored by S Viduka, Y Feng, Karen HapgoodKaren Hapgood, P Schwarz
This paper presents a numerical investigation of solid separation in jigging device. Jigging is a gravity separation method commonly used by the minerals industry to separate coal, iron ore, diamonds and other minerals on the basis of particle size and/or density. Separation is recognised as being heavily dependent on fluid motion in the jig. This study explores the effects of the inlet time dependent velocity profile in relation to a wide criterion on jigging performance. Modelling of the liquid-solid system is performed through a combination of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to simulate liquid flow and discrete element method (DEM) to resolve particle motion. The initial packing conditions consist of a binary-density particle system of 1130 particles each 1 cm in diameter. A range of jigging profiles have been implemented in mineral processing. In this study the sinusoidal pulsation profile is selected adopting variations in both amplitude and frequency. The performance of profile variants are compared in terms of solid flow patterns, separation kinetics, energy, and mean particle position. These quantitative comparisons demonstrate significant differences in the segregation rate, energy, and solid phenomena, helping find an alternative optimum operating setting for the system. In addition, boundaries of operation are found in terms of frequency and amplitude limits and the concentration mechanics are investigated in these regions.