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Carbonization chemistry of heating carbon composites containing novolac/furfuryl alcohol resins and carbon black or mesophase pitch as additives

journal contribution
posted on 05.01.2012, 00:00 authored by X Zhang, Sarah KhorSarah Khor, D Gao, E Sum
Carbon composites containing novolac/furfuryl alcohol resins with hexamethylene tetramine (HMTA) as
a crosslinker and carbon black or mesophase pitch as an additive, were heated to 1000 ◦C under Argon
atmosphere. Carbonization chemistry was studied including the nitrogen-containing structures in the
final carbons. The volatiles released during the heating were furfuryl, phenol-benzene species, methane,
ethane and other small molecular species such as moisture, CO2, CO and ammonia. When carbon black
was used as an additive in the composite, a considerable amount of furfuryl and phenolic species were
“trapped” on the surface of carbon black particles, resulting in a higher carbon yield. Certain carbonization
reactions also occurred at lower temperatures, and the dimensional shrinkage was reduced as compared
to the resin-only system. On the other hand, the mesophase pitch additive formed homogeneous morphologies
with the resin binder, participated in the carbonization process of the resin binder and formed
amorphous carbons with porous structures and dimensional expansion. Manipulating the composition
and variety of the additives could produce carbon composites with designed performance.

History

Journal

Materials chemistry and physics

Volume

131

Issue

3

Pagination

735 - 742

Publisher

Elsevier

Location

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

ISSN

0254-0584

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2011, Elsevier