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Changes in internal control disclosure and analyst forecasts around mandatory disclosure required by the China SOX

journal contribution
posted on 2019-09-01, 00:00 authored by Xudong Ji, Lu Wei, Wen Qu, Vernon Richardson
Beginning January 1, 2012, all publicly listed firms in China are required, under the Basic Standard of Enterprise Internal Control (China SOX), to provide an internal control report (ICR). Prior to that, many firms had elected to voluntarily comply with this regulation. We use this setting to examine the change in internal control weakness (ICW) disclosure, and its impact on the properties of analyst earnings forecasts when a country moves from a voluntary disclosure regime to a mandatory disclosure regime. We compare the quantity and severity of ICWs disclosed under these two different regimes, and find evidence suggesting that the disclosure of more serious ICWs increases when ICW disclosures become mandatory. We then investigate the effect of ICW disclosures on analyst forecast error and dispersion. We find that measures of ICWs are negatively associated with desirable properties of analyst earnings forecasts. We also find a lower association between ICW disclosures and forecast error and dispersion in the mandatory regime; we attribute this to changes in the internal control reporting environment when filings are mandatory.

History

Journal

Accounting horizons

Volume

33

Pagination

43-68

Location

Lakewood Ranch, Fla.

ISSN

0888-7993

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, Accounting Horizons

Issue

3

Publisher

American Accounting Association