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Changes in rumen protozoal community by condensed tannin fractions of different molecular weights from a Leucaena leucocephala hybrid in vitro

journal contribution
posted on 2017-07-01, 00:00 authored by M Saminathan, Han Ming Gan, N Abdullah, C M V L Wong, S K Ramiah, H Y Tan, C C Sieo, Y W Ho
Aims: To evaluate the effects of condensed tannins (CTs) fractions of differing molecular weights (MWs) from a Leucaena leucocephala hybrid-Rendang on the rumen protozoal community in vitro. Methods and Results: The effects of unfractionated CTs (F0) and CT fractions of different MWs (F1  >  F2  >  F3  >  F4  >  F5) on protozoal population and community were evaluated in vitro using rumen microbes and ground guinea grass as the substrate. Higher-MW CT fractions F1 and F2 significantly (P  <  0·05) decrease the number of ciliate protozoa. The real-time PCR analysis showed that the total protozoa was significantly (P  <  0·05) lower in F0 and all CTs with fractions F1 and F2 having the lowest value. High-throughput sequencing of the partial 18S rRNA gene showed that the genus Entodinium significantly (P  <  0·05) decreased with increasing MWs of CT, whereas Anoplodinium-Diplodinium were significantly (P  <  0·05) increased. Inclusion of the highest MW CT fraction F1 decreased the relative abundance of the minor genera such as Eudiplodinium and Polyplastron compared to the control and CT fractions F2–F5. Conclusion: CTs of differing MWs could reduce and alter the rumen protozoa population in vitro. This effect was more pronounced for higher-MW CTs. Significance and Impact of the Study: The high MW CTs should be considered as a feed supplement in the ruminant diet to reduce the protozoal population which are known to be associated with methanogens as a means to mitigate methane production in the rumen.

History

Journal

Journal of applied microbiology

Volume

123

Issue

1

Pagination

41 - 53

Publisher

Wiley

Location

Chichester, Eng.

ISSN

1364-5072

eISSN

1365-2672

Language

eng

Publication classification

C Journal article; C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2017, Society for Applied Microbiology