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Channel estimation for two-way MIMO relay systems in frequency-selective fading environments
journal contributionposted on 2015-01-01, 00:00 authored by C W R Chiong, Y Rong, Yong XiangYong Xiang
© 2002-2012 IEEE. In this paper, we investigate the channel estimation problem for two-way multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) relay communication systems in frequency-selective fading environments. We apply the method of superimposed channel training to estimate the individual channel state information (CSI) of the first-hop and second-hop links for two-way MIMO relay systems with frequency-selective fading channels. In this algorithm, a relay training sequence is superimposed on the received signals at the relay node to assist the estimation of the second-hop channel matrices. The optimal structure of the source and relay training sequences is derived to minimize the mean-squared error (MSE) of channel estimation. Moreover, the optimal power allocation between the source and relay training sequences is derived to improve the performance of channel estimation. Numerical examples are shown to demonstrate the performance of the proposed superimposed channel training algorithm for two-way MIMO relay systems in frequency-selective fading environments.