Deakin University
Browse

File(s) not publicly available

Characteristics and Geological Significance of Organic Matter Veins in Shale Reservoir: A Case Study of the Silurian Longmaxi Formation in Luzhou Area, Sichuan Basin

journal contribution
posted on 2024-02-07, 04:15 authored by Y Wang, Y Jia, C Wang, W Lin, Jizhen ZhangJizhen Zhang, D Han, B Ma, H Wang
Organic matter serves as the hydrocarbon-generating parent material for shale reservoirs, in which organic pores are also important reservoir spaces. Different types of organic matter have wide differences in hydrocarbon generation and pore-forming ability. Based on the occurrence state of organic matter, in the over-mature Marine shale organic matter mainly includes in situ and migrated organic matter. It has been extensively studied on in situ organic matter and organic matter migrating into inorganic pores, while there are few reports of organic matter migrating into microfractures. In this study, the over-mature Marine shale reservoir in the first sub-member of the Silurian Longmaxi Formation in the Luzhou area of the Sichuan Basin is taken as an example. Core observation, optical microscope, high-precision large-view scanning (MAPS, modular automated processing system) and mineral analysis scanning (QEMSCAN, quantitative evaluation of minerals by scanning electron microscopy) were conducted to observe the morphological characteristics of organic matter veins, and then analyze the genesis and pore-forming characteristics of such organic matter. The results show that: ① Organic matter veins (OM veins) are soluble organic matter with fractures as an effective channel, and OM veins in the study section is easy to form under the condition of micro-fractures in the shale sweet segment after organic matter generating oil and before gas generation ② Organic matter in the OM veins are less efficient in pore-forming, with sparse pores and smaller pore sizes. The occurrence of fractures varies greatly, including horizontal fractures, oblique fractures and high-angle fractures, which are mostly developed in the Long111 and Long112 layers. ③ The development of OM veins can indicate better reservoir conditions, that is, the layers have strong hydrocarbon generation intensity (strong pore-forming ability of organic matter) and high brittle mineral content (strong reservoir compressibility). The new findings in this paper reveal that OM veins are instructive for the determination of geological–engineering sweet spots in the Longmaxi Formation in the Sichuan Basin, and also provide guidance for future research on occurrence form and geological significance of different types of organic matter.

History

Journal

Minerals

Volume

13

Pagination

1-15

Location

Basel, Switzerland

ISSN

2075-163X

eISSN

2075-163X

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Issue

8

Publisher

MDPI

Usage metrics

    Research Publications

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC