Chitinophaga extrema sp. nov., isolated from subsurface soil and leaf litter in a tropical peat swamp forest
journal contributionposted on 2020-01-01, 00:00 authored by Calvin Bok Sun Goh, Li Wen Wong, Sivachandran ParimannanSivachandran Parimannan, Heera Rajandas, Stella LokeStella Loke, Larry CroftLarry Croft, Catherine Mary Yule, Pooria Pasbakhsh, Sui Mae Lee, Joash Ban Lee Tan
A Gram-negative, filamentous aerobic bacterium designated as strain Mgbs1T was isolated on 12 April 2017 from the subsurface soil and leaf litter substrate at the base of a Koompassia malaccensis tree in a tropical peat swamp forest in the northern regions of the state of Selangor, Malaysia (3° 39′ 04.7′ N 101° 17′ 43.7′′ E). Phylogenetic analyses based on the full 16S rRNA sequence revealed that strain Mgbs1T belongs to the genus Chitinophaga with the greatest sequence similarity to Chitinophaga terrae KP01T (97.65 %), Chitinophaga jiangningensis DSM27406T (97.58 %), and Chitinophaga dinghuensis DHOC24T (97.17 %). The major fatty acids of strain Mgbs1T (>10 %) are iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1 ω5c and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH while the predominant respiratory quinone is menaquinone-7. Strain Mgbs1T has a complete genome size of 8.03 Mb, with a G+C content of 48.5 mol%. The DNA–DNA hybridization (DDH) score between strain Mgbs1T and C. jiangningensis DSM27406T was 15.9 %, while in silico DDH values of strain Mgbs1T against C. dinghuensis DHOC24T and C. terrae KP01T were 20.0 and 19.10% respectively. Concurrently, Average Nucleotide Identity (ANI) scores between strain Mgbs1T against all three reference strains are 73.2 %. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic consensus, strain Mgbs1T represents a novel species of the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga extrema sp. nov. is proposed (=DSM 108835T=JCM 33276T).