File(s) under permanent embargo
Chronic disease risk factors in rural Australia : results from the Greater Green Triangle risk factor surveys
journal contributionposted on 2009-01-01, 00:00 authored by Tiina Laatikainen, Edward Janus, A Kilkkinen, S Heistaro, P Tideman, A Baird, R Tirimacco, M Whiting, L Franklin, A Chapman, A Kao-Philpot, James DunbarJames Dunbar
The aim of this article was to assess the level and prevalence of major chronic disease risk factors among rural adults. Two cross-sectional surveys were carried out in 2004 and 2005 in the southeast of South Australia and the southwest of Victoria. Altogether 891 randomly selected persons aged 25 to 74 years participated in the studies. Surveys included a self-administered questionnaire, physical measurements, and a venous blood specimen for lipid analyses. Two thirds of participants had cholesterol levels ≥5.0 mmol/L. The prevalence of high diastolic blood pressure (≥90 mm Hg) was 22% for men and 10% for women in southeast of South Australia, and less than 10% for both sexes in southwest of Victoria. Two thirds of participants were overweight or obese (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2). About 15% of men and slightly less women were daily smokers. The abnormal risk factor levels underline the need for targeted prevention activities in the Greater Green Triangle region. Continuing surveillance of levels and patterns of risk factors is fundamentally important for planning and evaluating preventive activities.
JournalAsia-Pacific journal of public health
Pagination51 - 62
LocationThousand Oaks, Calif.
NotesOriginally published online 11 December 2008.
Publication classificationC1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal; C Journal article
chronic diseaseScience & TechnologyLife Sciences & BiomedicinePublic, Environmental & Occupational Healthcardiovascular diseaseblood pressureobesitypopulation surveyrisk factorsserum cholesterolsmokingCORONARY-HEART-DISEASECARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASEPREVENTIONTRENDSPOPULATIONHEALTHPREVALENCEOVERWEIGHTMORTALITY