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Class time physical activity programs for primary school aged children at specialist schools: A systematic mapping review

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posted on 01.01.2019, 00:00 authored by Chloe Emonson, Jane McGillivrayJane McGillivray, Emily KotheEmily Kothe, Nicole Rinehart, Nicole Papadopoulos
© 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Children with disabilities tend to be less active than typically developing peers and may therefore miss important developmental benefits. Class time physical activity (PA) programs can provide additional PA to children and have shown to contribute to numerous benefits in mainstream classrooms. However, it is unclear whether class time PA opportunities are provided in specialist education settings. This review aimed to identify and map class time PA programs that have been implemented in specialist schools and classes. Nine electronic databases were searched. Grey literature searches were also conducted. Programs were included if they were implemented in a primary/elementary specialist school or class, involved a PA component, were conducted during class time and involved more than one child from the class participating. Included programs were mapped and narratively synthesised according to activity type. Of the 2068 records screened, 34 programs were included. Programs involving dance/drama activities (k = 11) were most common and programs involving stretching activities (k = 2) were least frequently implemented. Twenty-three programs had been evaluated, of which only two were randomised controlled trials. More class time PA opportunities are warranted in specialist education settings. Further research is required to build the evidence base for these programs.

History

Journal

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

Volume

16

Issue

24

Article number

5140

Pagination

1 - 30

Publisher

MDPI

Location

Basel, Switzerland

ISSN

1661-7827

eISSN

1660-4601

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal