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Co-development of "BRAIN-TRK": qualitative examination of acceptability, usability and feasibility of an App to support nurses' care for patients with behavioural and psychological symptoms of neurocognitive disorders in hospital
journal contributionposted on 2019-08-01, 00:00 authored by Bernice Redley, Ben Richardson, Charlotte Peel, Cherene OckerbyCherene Ockerby, Helen Rawson, Emily TomlinsonEmily Tomlinson, Alison HutchinsonAlison Hutchinson
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: (a) Describe the co-development of a point-of-care App to promote uptake of best practice recommendations and consolidate nurses' knowledge for managing symptoms of neurocognitive disorders. (b) Report acceptability, usability and feasibility of the App to nurses for patient care in hospital. BACKGROUND: Strategies used in hospitals to reduce symptoms, risk of harm, or complications of behavioural and psychological symptoms associated with neurocognitive disorders are frequently inconsistent with best practice recommendations. DESIGN: Three-stage, mixed-methods, process and outcome evaluation. METHODS: The App was co-developed with experts, nurse end-users and a consumer. Evaluation data were collected from a convenience sample of nurses observed during delivery of 80.5 hr of care to 38 patients; the App (n = 32 patients); and individual and focus group interviews with nurses (n = 25). Reporting adhered to an adapted STROBE checklist. RESULTS: The App included three components: cognition and risk assessment; tailored evidence-based strategies; and monitoring and evaluation of effectiveness. Observation data captured nurses using the App with 44.7% (n = 17) of eligible inpatients. Cognitive screening was completed at least once for each patient, with 146 risk assessments recorded. Interview data indicated the App's acceptability was enhanced by familiarity and perceived benefits, but hindered by perceived increases in workload, inconsistent use, pressure to use the App and resistance to change. Feasibility and usability were enhanced by easy navigation, and clear and useful content, but hindered by unclear expectations, unfamiliarity and device-related factors. CONCLUSIONS: The App provided an evidence-based tool that was, overall, considered feasible and acceptable to support best practice. Findings provide guidance to enhance usability for future implementation. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Co-development using best evidence and key stakeholders enabled creation of a novel, feasible and acceptable technology. Real-time access to assessment tools and tailored knowledge supported nurses' clinical decision-making; workload and unfamiliarity were barriers to use.