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Cognitive Impairments After Clipping of Ruptured Anterior Circulation Aneurysms

journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-23, 00:13 authored by M Mohanty, S Dhandapani, Sunil GuptaSunil Gupta, A H Shahid, D P Patra, A Sharma, S N Mathuriya
Background: The cognitive impairments after treatment of ruptured aneurysms have often been underestimated. This study sought to assess their prevalence and analyze various associated factors. Methods: Patients who were operated on for ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms and discharged with a Glasgow Outcome Scale score of 4–5 were studied at 3 months for various cognitive impairments. Continuous scales of memory (recent, remote, verbal, visual, and overall memory), verbal fluency (phonemic and category fluency), and others were studied in relation to various factors. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using SPSS version 21. Results: A total of 87 patients were included in our study. Phonemic fluency was the most affected, noted in 66% of patients. Although 56% had some memory-related impairments, 13 (15%) and 6 (7%) had moderate and severe deficits in recent memory and 19 (22%) and 12 (14%) had moderate and severe deficits in remote memory, respectively. Patients operated on for anterior cerebral artery (ACA) aneurysms had significantly greater impairments in recent (34% vs. 8%) and remote memory (43% vs. 28%) compared with the rest, both in univariate (P = 0.01 and 0.002, respectively) and multivariate analyses (P = 0.01 and 0.03, respectively). ACA-related aneurysms also had significantly greater independent impairments in phonemic fluency (P = 0.04), compared with others. The clinical grade had a significant independent impact only on remote memory (P = 0.01). Conclusions: Cognitive impairments are frequent after treatment of ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms. Impairments in recent memory, remote memory, and phonemic fluency are significantly greater after treatment of ACA-related aneurysms, compared with others, independent of other factors.



World Neurosurgery




e430 - e437





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