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Comparison between back squat, romanian deadlift, and barbell hip thrust for leg and hip muscle activities during hip extension

Version 2 2024-06-04, 07:41
Version 1 2019-09-16, 13:21
journal contribution
posted on 2024-06-04, 07:41 authored by J Delgado, Eric DrinkwaterEric Drinkwater, HG Banyard, GG Haff, K Nosaka
Delgado, J, Drinkwater, EJ, Banyard, HG, Haff, GG, and Nosaka, K. Comparison between back squat, Romanian deadlift, and barbell hip thrust for leg and hip muscle activities during hip extension. J Strength Cond Res 33(10): 2595-2601, 2019-This study compared muscle activities of vastus lateralis (VL), biceps femoris (BF), and gluteus maximus (GM) during the back squat (SQ), Romanian deadlift (RDL), and barbell hip thrust (BHT) exercises performed with the same load (60 kg) and at one repetition maximum (1RM). Eight men with a minimum of 1 year's lower-body strength training experience performed the exercises in randomized order. Before each exercise, surface electromyography (EMG) was recorded during a maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) and then used to normalize to each muscle's EMG during each trial. Barbell hip thrust showed higher GM activity than the SQ (effect size [ES] = 1.39, p = 0.038) but was not significantly different from RDL (ES = 0.49, p = 0.285) at 1RM. Vastus lateralis activity at 1RM during the SQ was significantly greater than RDL (ES = 1.36, p = 0.002) and BHT (ES = 2.27, p = 0.009). Gluteus maximus activity was higher during MVIC when compared with the 60 kg load for the SQ (ES = 1.29, p = 0.002) and RDL (ES = 1.16, p = 0.006) but was similar for the BHT (ES = 0.22, p = 0.523). There were no significant differences in GM (ES = 0.35, p = 0.215) and BF activities (ES = 0.16, p = 0.791) between 1RM and MVIC for the SQ. These findings show that the RDL was equally as effective as the BHT for isolating the hip extensors, while the SQ simultaneously activated the hip and knee extensors.

History

Journal

Journal of strength and conditioning research

Volume

33

Pagination

2595-2601

Location

Philadelphia, Pa.

ISSN

1064-8011

eISSN

1533-4287

Language

eng

Publication classification

C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

2019, National Strength and Conditioning Association

Issue

10

Publisher

Wolters Kluwer