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Comparison of promoter activity in Aleutian mink disease parvovirus, minute virus of mice, and canine parvovirus: possible role of weak promoters in the pathogenesis of Aleutian mink disease parvovirus infection

journal contribution
posted on 1993-04-01, 00:00 authored by J Christensen, T Storgaard, B Viuff, B Aasted, Soren AlexandersenSoren Alexandersen
Aleutian mink disease parvovirus (ADV) infection causes both acute and chronic disease in mink, and we have previously shown that it is the level of viral gene expression that determines the disease pattern. To study the gene regulation of ADV, we have cloned the P3 ADV and P36 ADV promoters in front of a reporter gene, the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) gene, and analyzed these constructs by transient transfection in a feline kidney cell line and mouse NIH 3T3 cells. The genes for ADV structural proteins (VP1 and VP2) and the nonstructural proteins (NS-1, NS-2, and NS-3) were cloned into a eukaryotic expression vector, and their functions in regulation of the P3 ADV and P36 ADV promoters were examined in cotransfection experiments. The ADV NS-1 protein was able to transactivate the P36 ADV promoter and, to a lesser degree, the P3 ADV promoter. Constitutive activities of the P3 ADV and P36 ADV promoters were weaker than those of the corresponding promoters from the prototypic parvovirus minute virus of mice (MVM) and canine parvovirus (CPV). Also, the level of transactivation of the P36 ADV promoter was much lower than those of the corresponding P38 MVM and P38 CPV promoters transactivated with MVM NS-1. Moreover, the ADV NS-1 gene product could transactivate the P38 MVM promoter to higher levels than it could transactivate the P36 ADV promoter, while the P36 ADV promoter could be transactivated by MVM NS-1 and ADV NS-1 to similar levels. Taken together, these data indicated that cis-acting sequences in the P36 ADV promoter play a major role in determining the low level of transactivation observed. The P3 ADV and P4 MVM promoters could be transactivated to some degree by their respective NS-1 gene products. However, in contrast to the situation for the late promoters, switching NS-1 proteins between the two viruses was not possible. This finding may indicate a different mechanism of transactivation of the early promoters (P3 ADV and P4 MVM) compared with the late (P36 ADV and P38 MVM) promoters. In summary, the constitutive levels of expression from the ADV promoters are weaker than the levels from the corresponding promoters of MVM and CPV. Moreover, the level of NS-1-mediated transactivation of the late ADV promoter is impaired compared with the level of transactivation of the late promoters of MVM and CPV.



Journal of virology






1877 - 1886


American Society for Microbiology


Washington, D.C.





Publication classification

C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal

Copyright notice

1993, American Society for Microbiology