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Complex coacervation between flaxseed protein isolate and flaxseed gum
journal contributionposted on 2015-06-01, 00:00 authored by P Kaushik, K Dowling, Colin BarrowColin Barrow, B Adhikari
Flaxseed protein isolate (FPI) and flaxseed gum (FG) were extracted, and the electrostatic complexation between these two biopolymers was studied as a function of pH and FPI-to-FG ratio using turbidimetric and electrophoretic mobility (zeta potential) tests. The zeta potential values of FPI, FG, and their mixtures at the FPI-to-FG ratios of 1:1, 3:1, 5:1, 10:1, 15:1 were measured over a pH range 8.0-1.5. The alteration of the secondary structure of FPI as a function of pH was studied using circular dichroism. The proportion of a-helical structure decreased, whereas both β-sheet structure and random coil structure increased with the lowering of pH from 8.0 to 3.0. The acidic pH affected the secondary structure of FPI and the unfolding of helix conformation facilitated the complexation of FPI with FG. The optimum FPI-to-FG ratio for complex coacervation was found to be 3:1. The critical pH values associated with the formation of soluble (pHc) and insoluble (pHΦ1) complexes at the optimum FPI-to-FG ratio were found to be 6.0 and 4.5, respectively. The optimum pH (pHopt) for the optimum complex coacervation was 3.1. The instability and dissolution of FPI-FG complex coacervates started (pHΦ2) at pH2.1. These findings contribute to the development of FPI-FG complex coacervates as delivery vehicles for unstable albeit valuable nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids.